Grade 9 Course Offerings

ENGLISH

English 9

Grade 9 – Full Year – one credit

This one year, one credit course provides the groundwork for students’ high school English studies by surveying the major literary genres and examines Nonfiction companion pieces in conjunction with the Common Core. Students explore the epic form (selections from The Odyssey), plays (Romeo and Juliet and The Devil and Daniel Webster), the novel (The Giver, Of Mice & Men), poetry, essays, and a variety of short stories. Students are exposed to The New York Times and other articles, essays, speeches, analytical writings and visual texts. Extensive literary based vocabulary enrichment is included. Grammar and spelling skills are reviewed through routine oral language exercises.

A focus of the course is mastery of effective paragraph format, controlling ideas, rich and specific support of those controlling ideas, and the multi‐paragraph essay. Clear, organized, and supported writing is stressed. The narrative essay format is also included in the freshman year. MLA Format, research techniques and the research paper form are also taught. Additionally, students are expected to hone their listening skills, reading comprehension, and oral presentation skills. Additional independent readings are required each quarter from a list of fiction and nonfiction offerings.

English 9 Honors

Grade 9 – Full Year – One Credit

English 9 Honors is designed to develop literary analysis, critical thinking, communication, and writing skills which will help to prepare students for the NYS English Regents exam as well as the NYS ELA Common Core exam in their junior year of high school.

English 9H encourages students to make connections between the literature they read both in and out of class and the world around them through personal reflection, class discussion, and rigorous and advanced writing tasks. The year begins with reflection and discussion of the required summer reading assignments. Throughout each semester, students are expected to write several essays for peer review and are held accountable for all aspects of the writing process including style, mechanics, language, revision and editing.  Oral presentation skills and class discussion are emphasized in all units. Additionally, students will read at least one novel each quarter, the study of which will end in a literary analysis or reflection. Extended assignments must be submitted on time; late work may be accepted, but with penalty.

Two critical research papers are also required to successfully complete the class, one per semester. Students will work to master MLA research skills including annotation, outlining, parenthetical documentation, bibliography and works cited constructions. Homework is a critical and routine component of the class. Late submission of nightly homework is unacceptable, unless a student is legally absent.

Readings may include but are not limited to: Short Stories, 1984, George Orwell; The Giver, Lois Lowry; Romeo and Juliet, William Shakespeare and Shakespeare’s sonnets; Of Mice and Men, The Pearl, John Steinbeck, as well as a variety of nonfiction and poetry.

SOCIAL STUDIES

Global History 9

Grade 9 – 1 credit

This course is the first year of a two-year course that culminates with a Regent’s examination in Global History for all students at the conclusion of their second year. It is a New York State requirement that all students pass this examination in order to receive a high school diploma. Global History 9 uses a chronological approach to world history, with a variety of historical themes woven into the presentation of materials. Units of study include the Ancient World (4000 B.C.E. to 500 C.E.); expanding zones of exchange and encounter (500 C.E. to 1200 C.E.); global interactions (1200 C.E. to 1650 C.E.), the first global age (1850 to 1770); and the age of revolutions (1750 to 1914).

World History 9H & Advanced Placement World History

Grade 9 and 10 – 1 credit each

NOTE: This two year course replaces Global History and Geography I and II. This is a college-level course. It is academically demanding and requires a significant commitment on the part of the student.

Advanced Placement World History is a two-year Advanced Placement program (grades 9 and 10). The Advanced Placement Program offers a course and exam in World History to qualified students who wish to complete studies in secondary school equivalent to an introductory college course in world history. The purpose of this course is to develop greater understanding of the evolution of global processes and contacts in interaction with different human societies. This understanding is advanced through a combination of selective factual knowledge and appropriate analytical skills. Areas of study include: Core topics begin with the Foundation period of prehistory to 1000 CE, which will serve as the basis during the rest of the program for a more in-depth study of global history and civilization of the past 1,000 years. This course also covers the material outlined in the course description for Global History and Geography I and II.

For World History 9H, a Department final exam based on the content, concepts and themes in this curriculum and modeled after the World History Advanced Placement exam will be administered in June.

For Advanced Placement World History, all students take the NYS Global History and Geography Regents examination in June. Students must pass this course and the Global History and Geography Regents exam in order to graduate. Students in this course are also expected to take the Advanced Placement World History exam in May. There is fee for this exam which is determined by the College Board and is the responsibility of the student.

SCIENCE

The Living Environment

1 Credit

The Living Environment follows the New York State Regents core curriculum and is designed to provide the student with a broad and general understanding of the fundamental principles of biology, culminating in the New York State Regents exam for The Living Environment. The topics included in the course are biochemistry, modern evolution, ecology, physiology of both plants and animals, and genetics. The Living Environment includes selected laboratory activities that supplement and enhance the classroom topics. Students who successfully complete this course are encouraged to go on to the Regents-level course in Earth Science.

Biology World

1 Credit

Biology World is offered as an alternative to The Living Environment. It follows the New York State Regents core curriculum but at a less rigorous pace. General concepts are stressed, with less emphasis on detail.  Students enrolled in this class are working to meet the proficiency benchmark in science and will have a labs period that meets every other day. Placement in this course is based on teacher recommendation.  Students take the New York State Regents exam for The Living Environment at the conclusion of the course.

The Living Environment-Honors

1 Credit – Grade 9

The Living Environment Honors course is for ninth grade students who have completed Earth Science in the eighth grade and/or have been recommended for this course by their eighth grade science teacher. The course parallels the New York State Regents core curriculum, with substantial quantities of additional information being provided for the enrichment of the students and a greater emphasis on laboratory activities. Students take the New York State Regents exam for The Living Environment at the conclusion of this course. Students who successfully complete The Living Environment Honors as well as Earth Science are encouraged to take Chemistry Honors.  Entry requirements for this honors course can be found at the top right hand side of the science course description page in the high school website.

Earth Science

1 Credit

Earth Science R is a lab-oriented course that follows the New York State core curriculum and is offered primarily to 10th grade students, culminating with the New York State Regents exam for Earth Science at the conclusion of the course. Major areas of study include the processes of change, mineralogy, meteorology, astronomy, and historical geology. Laboratory experiences are stressed in this course and the student must satisfactorily complete all lab assignments.

Earth Science Honors

1 Credit

Earth Science Honors is a course for 9th grade students who have completed Regents Biology (The Living Environment) in the eighth grade and/or have been recommended for this course by their ninth grade biology teacher. The course parallels the New York State Earth Science core curriculum with substantial quantities of additional information being provided for the enrichment of the students enrolled. A greater emphasis is also placed on arithmetically derived solutions and laboratory activities. At the conclusion of this course, students take the New York State Regents exam for Earth Science. Students who successfully complete this course are encouraged to take Chemistry Honors in the 10th grade. Entry requirements for this honors course can be found at the top right hand side of the science course description page in the high school website.

MATHEMATICS

Algebra I

Grade 9 – Full year – One credit

This is the first course of the New York State high school mathematics curriculum. The core of this course is a solid introduction to the principles and techniques of Algebra. Some topics covered include problem solving, solving and graphing linear equations and inequalities, solving and graphing quadratics, factoring, operations with polynomials, and statistics. Students will take the Algebra Regents exam at the conclusion of the course. Graphing calculator use will be introduced throughout the year.

Algebra 1 with Lab

Grade 9 – Full year – One Credit

This course is designed for the student who had struggled to pass math.  Through the use of a class, a lab period every other day and a second math teacher within the classroom, students will complete the first course of the New York State high school mathematics curriculum. The core of this course is a solid introduction to the principles and techniques of Algebra.  Some topics covered include problem solving, solving and graphing linear equations and inequalities, solving and graphing quadratics, factoring, operations with polynomials, and statistics. Students will take the Algebra Regents exam at the conclusion of the course. Graphing calculator use will be introduced throughout the year.

Students will be placed in this class based upon their performance in prior math classes, scores on state assessments as well as teacher, guidance and/or administration recommendation.

Algebra I-A Primary

Grade 9 – Full year – One credit

This course is the first year of a two year program which is designed for students who have an IEP and need to build a foundation for Algebra 1. Students will cover approximately half of the Algebra 1 curriculum this year and then the remaining topics in Algebra 1-B. Graphing calculator use will be introduced throughout the year.

Geometry

Grade 9/10 – Full year – One credit

This is the second course of the New York State mathematics curriculum. A solid foundation of geometric concepts will be developed through coordinate, Euclidian, analytical and transformational geometry. Other topics covered include proofs, parallel lines, congruent triangles and properties of polygons. This course completes the topics covered on the NYS Geometry Regents exam. Graphing calculator use will be introduced throughout the year.

Geometry Honors

Grade 9/10 – Full year – One credit

This course is designed for the accelerated mathematics student. All the topics in the Geometry curriculum are covered in greater depth, as well as additional enrichment topics. Graphing calculator use will be introduced throughout the year. All students requesting an Honors level class will need to meet the criteria determined by the math department.

WORLD LANGUAGE

Spanish I

Full year – One credit

In Spanish I, students cover “Checkpoint A” of the New York State syllabus for Spanish language. Thematic topics are introduced during the year, such as School and Education, Personal Identification, Weather and Seasons, Holidays, Sports and Leisure, House and Family, and Health. Emphasis is placed on the skills of listening, verbal communication and understanding. Each unit spirals upon the other so that students will improve their oral communication, reading ability, and writing skills. Besides thematic based conversations, students engage in student-centered, interactive activities to provide opportunities to practice their newly acquired second language. Cultural understanding is promoted through projects in which students compare the American and Hispanic cultures.

Spanish II

Full year – One credit

The prerequisite for this course is a passing grade on both the Spanish I course and the “Checkpoint A” exam. In Spanish II, students are preparing for “checkpoint B” of the New York State syllabus in Spanish language. The vocabulary and grammar of the thematic topics introduced in Spanish II are expanded throughout the year. Topics are developed through engaging communicative activities, such as role playing (travel agent and traveler) during our chapters on air and train travel, discussing one’s daily routine, learning about how technology fits into a multicultural world, and creating a menu for an imaginary restaurant. Multimodality is key to student retention at this level. Cultural understanding is promoted through projects (such as during National Foreign Language Week) and videos in which students compare and contrast the American and Hispanic cultures.

French I

Full year – One credit

In French I students cover “Checkpoint A” of the New York State syllabus. Thematic topics covered include Personal Identity, School and Education, House and Family, and Food. Emphasis is placed on the skills of reading, writing, listening, and oral communication. Each unit spirals upon the other so that students will improve their oral communication, reading ability, and writing skills. Besides thematic based conversations, students engage in student-centered, interactive activities to provide opportunity to practice their newly acquired second language. Cultural understanding is developed as students compare and contrast American and French cultures on a regular basis.

French II

Full year – One credit

The prerequisite for this course is a passing grade on both the French I course and the “Checkpoint A” exam.  In French II, students are preparing for “checkpoint B” of the New York State syllabus. Thematic topics covered include Personal Identity, Family, Sports, Cultural Activities, Health, Telecommunications, Travel (Plane/Train), Bank, Post Office, Food, and Travel (Car). This spiraling process improves the quality of oral communication, reading ability, and writing skills. Situational conversation practice in the target language continues to be stressed for each thematic unit. Cultural understanding is developed as students compare and contrast American and French cultures on a regular basis.

FINE ARTS

Studio in Art

Full year – 1 Credit

This is a full year basic foundation course recommended by the New York State Board of Regents that can be used to fulfill the 1 credit arts/music graduation requirement. Students are exposed to a wide variety of studio experiences in drawing, painting, design and three-dimensional work. Focus is on the elements and principles of design, basic two-dimensional drawing skills, techniques and color theory. Students also become familiar with art history to provide a basis for art criticism and aesthetics. Studio in Art is a required course for students planning a major sequence in Art.

Drawing I

One semester – 1/2 Credit

PREREQUISITE: Successful completion of Studio in Art

A course designed to develop strong skills and proper techniques in the art of drawing and work in a variety of media: pencil, charcoal, pastel and ink and other drawing materials. Emphasis is placed on design procedure and visual problem solving in a variety of styles. PREREQUISITE: Successful completion of Studio in Art.

Drawing II

One semester – 1/2 Credit

PREREQUISITE: Successful completion of Drawing I

An advanced course for talented students who have excelled in Drawing I. Provides students with the opportunity to build a strong background in drawing and develop a personal style.

Ceramics I

One semester – ½ Credit

PREREQUISITE: Successful completion of Studio in Art

This course deals primarily with all aspects of a very versatile medium, ranging from hand building methods to ceramic sculpture and work on the potter’s wheel. Working techniques decoration methods, glazing and proper firing are all covered as well as some emphasis on the ceramics and the physical aspects of clay.

Ceramics II

One semester – ½ Credit

PREREQUISITE: Successful completion of Ceramics I

This advanced course explores surface enrichment of clayware. The student is encouraged to creatively design hand built projects and to develop an individual style by using all of the techniques learned in Ceramics I. This course will also offer the students an opportunity to begin work on the pottery wheel.

Sculpture

One semester – ½ Credit

PREREQUISITE: Successful completion of Studio in Art

A 3-D Art course, designed to offer both aesthetic and technical experience in three dimensional design, so that the student can express them self in a variety of media including clay, paper mache, wire, wood and other media.

Painting I

One Semester – ½ Credit

PREREQUISITE: Successful completion of Studio in Art

This course offers the student study in two-dimensional media, perspective, light and shade, the figure, portraiture, still life, and landscape painting. The course offers the student an opportunity to work in a variety of painting media including watercolor, acrylic and oils.

Painting II

One semester – 1/2 credit

PREREQUISITE: Successful completion of Painting I

An advanced painting course which offers the student the opportunity to develop their painting skill and to work toward developing a personal style of expression.

VISUAL ARTS

Photography I

One semester – 1/2 credit

Prerequisite: 1 credit in Art, Music or Technology; A35mm film camera is required for this course

This is a half year Traditional Photography class, using 35mm film and SLR cameras. Students will learn how to process film into negatives, then use the darkroom to enlarge 5×7 and 8×10 prints. Creative Photo techniques will encouraged. Class size caps at 18 on a first come first serve basis. Fields of study include: lighting, composition, special effects, action photos, portraits, candids, yearbook & events, nature, history, & careers in photography. Credit can be applied to an art sequence.

Photography II

One semester – 1/2 credit

Prerequisite: Photography I

Photography II will continue to explore the many aspects of photography in more detail. Included areas of study will be camera handling, advanced & experimental darkroom techniques, and the introduction of Digital Photography. Prerequisite to this advanced class is Photography I. Enrollment limited to 18. Credit can be applied to an art sequence.

Digital Photography

One semester – 1/2 credit

Prerequisite:  1 credit in Art, Music or Technology

This half year course is intended to introduce students to the basic concepts in digital photography as a fine art & communications medium. It should be noted that this photography course is an Art Course. Projects are graded for technical & aesthetic excellence, individual creativity and visual problem solving. Upon completion of this course, the student should demonstrate a basic knowledge of digital photographic theory and basic photographic design. Students will also gain proficiency in the use of Gimp software. Assignments include multiple exposure, advertisements and graphic arts, such as movie posters & CD covers. Projects will be created from their own photos, online sources and GHS yearbook photos

Visual Communications

One semester – 1/2 credit

Prerequisite: 1 credit in Art, Music or Technology

A half year course which focuses on art specifically created for communication, i.e., logos, corporate symbols, advertising, posters, book & album covers, etc. in both black & white & color. May be linked with computer graphics & video if computer lab scheduling permits. Enrollment limited to 18. Credit can be applied to an art sequence.

MUSIC

Concert Band

No Audition Required – Full year – 1 or 1/2 credit (ACE, BDF)

The Goshen High School Concert Band is an ensemble that includes students of all playing levels in grades 9 through 12, so anyone who plays a band instrument is welcome in the Concert Band! Throughout the course of the school year, students in the Concert Band will improve their playing skills and musical knowledge as they learn new music and musical concepts. The Concert Band performs two concerts a year, marches for the Memorial Day Parade, and participates in our school’s graduation ceremony. Students in this band will also attend small group lessons throughout the school year.

Symphonic Band

Audition Required – Full year – 1 credit

The Goshen High School Symphonic Band is an auditioned ensemble made up of students in grades 9 through 12. The Symphonic Band gives students an opportunity to further their playing skills, perform more advanced repertoire, and continue their love of music while playing at a superior level. The Symphonic Band performs two concerts a year, marches for the Memorial Day Parade, and participates in our school’s graduation ceremony. Students in this band will also attend small group lessons throughout the school year.

Stage Band

Audition – Full year – No Credit

The Goshen High School Stage Band (also known as “The Jazz Band”) is an extra-curricular, auditioned ensemble comprised of saxophones, trumpets, trombones, and a rhythm section. The Stage Band rehearses once a week for ninety minutes in the evening and performs for concerts and other music events throughout the year.

Concert Choir

No Audition Required – Co-ed – Full year – 1 or 1/2 credit (ACE, BDF)

This course is a freshman, sophomore, junior, senior choral group. Students are encouraged to enroll on an every-day basis; however, students can participate every other day for ½ credit if that is what their schedule will allow. The chorus room can hold up to 100 students, so any student with space in their schedule is encouraged to give chorus a try even if they’ve never sung in school before. Any and all are welcome to join!

Women’s Choir

Audition Required – Female – Full year – 1/2 credit

This course meets every other day for the entire school year. Auditions are conducted in the spring for the following school year. Young ladies in 8th grade are informed of our audition date so they may participate. Students may NOT add this to their schedule during the school year without written permission from Mrs. Scully & Mrs. Lloyd.

Varsity Choir

Audition Required – Co-ed – Full year – 1 credit

Students in this select choir audition in the spring for the following school year. The course meets every day for the entire school year. Young ladies and gentlemen in 8th grade are informed of our audition date so they may participate. Students may NOT add this to their schedule during the school year without written permission from Mrs. Scully & Mrs. Lloyd.

Jazz Voices

Audition Required – Co-ed – Full year – 1/2 credit

Students in this select jazz choir audition in the spring for the following school year. The class meets every other day for the entire school year. Young ladies and gentlemen in 8th grade are informed of our audition date so they may participate. Students may not add this to their schedule during the school year.

Music Theory I/II

Full year – One credit

Although this course is open to students at any grade level, it is recommended that students who enroll have some musical background or interest. Theory is the technical explanation of musical sound and can be difficult for some students. This is a cumulative course and students who need 1 year of credit must sign up for Theory I and Theory II within the same school year.

Chamber Orchestra

Audition Required – Full Year – 1 Credit

The Chamber Orchestra is an auditioned string ensemble that performs advanced orchestra repertoire of all genres.  Instruments in the Chamber Orchestra include violin, viola, cello and upright bass.  Students are selected to participate in Chamber Orchestra through an audition at the end of the previous school year.  The Chamber Orchestra performs in the GHS winter and spring concerts.  There are also numerous opportunities for the orchestra members to perform outside of school throughout the year.  Students may also choose to participate in full orchestra which meets after school. In addition to daily class rehearsals, students are expected to attend small group lessons and practice on their own.

Symphony Orchestra

No Audition Required – Full Year – 1 or ½ credit (ACE, BDF)

Symphony Orchestra is a string ensemble open to students of all ability levels.  The Symphony Orchestra performs intermediate orchestra music of all genres. Instruments in the Symphony Orchestra include violin, viola, cello and upright bass. The Symphony Orchestra performs in the GHS winter and spring concerts.   Students may also choose to participate in full orchestra which meets after school. In addition to daily class rehearsals, students are expected to attend small group lessons and practice on their own.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION

Freshman P.E.

Grade 9 – Full Year – 1/2 Credit

All freshmen will participate in Freshman PE, a 1/2 credit course that meets every other day for a full year.  This course provides an introduction to personal fitness, stress management, strength and conditioning training, team sports, net sports, and lifetime/recreational activities.  Freshman PE will serve as a prerequisite to the wide range of PE options available to upperclassmen.  Students are expected to actively participate and wear appropriate athletic attire to each class.

HOME & CAREERS

Fashion I

Grades 9-12 – 1 semester – ½ credit

Welcome to the exciting world of fashion and design! Great things are going to take place in our fashion lab at Goshen High School, as you create clothing and accessories that will be part of the annual Festival of the Arts Show! By using clothing and textiles as a medium for artistic expression, you will experiment with fabrics and patterns to design unique clothing to increase your wardrobe, and become a better consumer by learning how to evaluate the quality of ready-made garments. You will learn how to use a sewing machine, basic clothing construction skills, and will discover what styles and colors look best on you. We will explore possible career paths in the fashion and design industry through a variety of special projects and guest speakers.

(Satisfactory completion of Fashion I + Interior Design may be used to fulfill the one credit of Art/Music required for graduation.)

Foods I

Grades 9-12 – 1 semester – ½ credit

This introductory course in preparing a variety of foods will provide you with engaging, performance-based lessons that investigate the science behind baking and cooking. We will analyze the various function of ingredients and how they affect your baked goods.  We will learn about the steps that must be followed to produce a variety of tasty recipes. This exciting course focuses on a wide range of food experiences such as the art of baking quick breads, yeast breads, cookies, pies and pizzas. You will also explore foods through research projects and group work. We will analyze proper nutrition and how to successfully live a healthy lifestyle both now and in the future. These basic baking and cooking skills will equip you with the knowledge and tools to carry out flavorful recipes both in and out of school.

Interior Design

Grades 9-12 – 1 semester – ½ credit

This is an exciting, project oriented course for students who are interested in exploring the creative world of interior design. Through hands-on activities, students will explore the elements and principles of design, color schemes, textiles, housing styles, floor plans, furniture arrangement, and creating accessories to enhance room design. Career paths in the interior design industry will be explored through a variety of classroom projects and guest speakers.

(Satisfactory completion of Interior Design + Fashion I may be used to fulfill the one credit of Art/Music required for graduation.)

TECHNOLOGY

Stage Production and Design Technology

1/2 credit

Prerequisite: One credit in art/music/or technology

This course encompasses all aspects of a theatrical production and utilizes the Goshen High School auditorium and stage, as well as the technology and art departments. Students will participate in the following areas: audio/sound (hanging stage microphones, positioning & adjusting the audio aspects of a production, as well as portable public address of D.J. sound); stage lighting (designing, pointing and hanging stage lights); spot light usage (learning the programming of a computerized lighting board); design and construction of sets, flats, backdrops and props; and scenery painting techniques. Enrollment is limited to 18 students and requires teacher approval.

Design and Drawing for Production A & B

½ credit each semester

This course introduces students to the engineering design process. Students work with CAD (Computer Assisted Drawing) software to design and produce accurate 3d models and solve simple engineering problems. Physical models are created by students in the second half of the course; traditional drawing and sketching skills are also emphasized.

Metal/Advanced Metal

½ credit each

This course is a twenty-week introduction to the fundamentals of metal and metal design. Students will learn about layout, forming, machining, fabricating and welding, and will be introduced to CNC (computer controlled machines) as well as more traditional methods through the actual construction of various projects. The Advanced Metal course is offered the following semester in which students continue to learn more of the fundamentals of metal and metal design.

Wood/Advanced Wood

½ credit each

This course is a twenty-week introduction to the fundamentals of woodworking and woodworking design. Students will learn how to use both hand tools and power tools to accurately shape and join wood. The Advanced Wood course is offered the following semester in which students continue to learn more of the fundamentals of woodworking and woodworking design.

BUSINESS

Keyboarding Computer Skills

Grades 9-12 – one semester – ½ credit

This is a one semester course designed to review and/or develop alphabetic and numeric keyboarding skills through the use of touch-typing. Students will practice their keyboarding skills by using the programs in Microsoft Office. Basic forms of correspondence such as business/personal letters, memos, and e-mail will be created in Microsoft Word, and students will also learn how to create an Excel spreadsheet.

SPECIAL EDUCATION

*Special Education course selection will be determined at the student’s annual review.