Grade 9 Course Offerings

ENGLISH

English 9

Grade 9 – Full Year – 1 credit

This one year, one credit course provides the groundwork for students’ high school English studies by surveying the major literary genres and examines Nonfiction companion pieces in conjunction with the Common Core. Students explore drama (Romeo and Juliet), the novel (The Giver, Of Mice & Men, The Pearl – supplemental), poetry, essays, and a variety of short stories. Students are exposed to The New York Times and other articles, essays, speeches, analytical writings and visual texts. Extensive literary based vocabulary enrichment is included. Grammar and spelling skills are reviewed through routine oral language exercises. A focus of the course is mastery of effective paragraph format, controlling ideas, rich and specific support of those controlling ideas, and the multi‐paragraph essay. Clear, organized, and supported writing is stressed. Students will be introduced to several essay forms throughout the year, aligning with Next Generation standards.  MLA Format, research techniques, and the research paper form are taught, and a final short research paper is required.   Additionally, students are expected to hone their listening skills, reading comprehension, and oral presentation skills.  Independent readings with assignments are required each quarter from a list of fiction and nonfiction offerings.

English 9 Honors

Grade 9 – Full Year – 1 Credit

Requirements to enter Honors English: 8th grade ELA final average of a 90. Students with an average between an 87 and 89 will need to meet the criteria that are identified on the high school Honors rubric. Students interested in enrolling in the Honors program who have between an 87 and 89 will be reviewed and contacted from the high school at the beginning of the summer.

English 9 Honors is designed to develop literary analysis; to develop writing through language, style, and voice; and to think critically while making global connections. To achieve development of reading and writing, students will complete independent readings during the course of the year. Students are required to read one independent novel or play each quarter and complete a written analysis. During class, students will complete a thematic -based curriculum while practicing skills geared toward the NYS English Regents and achieving the goals of the NYS ELA Next Generation standards.

To achieve the literary analysis, students will read most of the literature independently and closely. Students will follow the English 9 Curriculum but enhance it with additional pieces, including but not limited to Orwell’s 1984, Ayn Randś Anthem, and The Lightning Thief. Class time is devoted to analyzing the independent close readings. Students are expected to share their annotations from the readings, evaluate and judge each other’s findings, and make connections between the literature and the world. An emphasis is also placed on writing correctly and effectively. Students are expected to complete all assigned essays,  peer review, and revise. Students are held accountable for all parts of writing: analysis, development, organization, language, and mechanics. Long writing assignments are weighted heavier in the studentś class average.  Late papers lose ten points per day, including the weekend days, and must be submitted to Turnitin.

Major assignments are also an important part of the program. These assignments require research and analysis. Students will submit at least one major assignment per marking period, and these assignments are also weighted heavier in the class average.  One formal research paper is required.

Homework is required and may not be submitted late, unless legally absent. Unannounced quizzes often reflect independent assignments, and some quizzes cannot be retaken. Unit tests reflect both recall, analysis, and application of lessons taught. Summer work is required. The summer work is always connected to the first thematic unit of the school year.

Major readings include Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet and varied sonnets, Orwell’s 1984, Lowry’s The Giver, and Steinbeck’s novels Of Mice and Men and The Pearl.

SOCIAL STUDIES

Global History 9

Grade 9 – Full Year –  1 credit

This course is the first year of a two-year course that culminates with a Regent’s examination in Global History for all students at the conclusion of their second year. It is a New York State requirement that all students pass this examination in order to receive a high school diploma. Global History 9 uses a chronological approach to world history, with a variety of historical themes woven into the presentation of materials. Units of study include the Ancient World (4000 B.C.E. to 500 C.E.); expanding zones of exchange and encounter (500 C.E. to 1200 C.E.); global interactions (1200 C.E. to 1650 C.E.), the first global age (1850 to 1770); and the age of revolutions (1750 to 1914).

World History 9H & Advanced Placement World History

Grade 9 and 10 – Full Year  – 1 credit each

NOTE: This two year course replaces Global History and Geography I and II. This is a college-level course. It is academically demanding and requires a significant commitment on the part of the student.

Advanced Placement World History is a two-year Advanced Placement program (grades 9 and 10). The Advanced Placement Program offers a course and exam in World History to qualified students who wish to complete studies in secondary school equivalent to an introductory college course in world history. The purpose of this course is to develop greater understanding of the evolution of global processes and contacts in interaction with different human societies. This understanding is advanced through a combination of selective factual knowledge and appropriate analytical skills. Areas of study include: Core topics begin with the Foundation period of prehistory to 1000 CE, which will serve as the basis during the rest of the program for a more in-depth study of global history and civilization of the past 1,000 years. This course also covers the material outlined in the course description for Global History and Geography I and II.

For World History 9H, a Department final exam based on the content, concepts and themes in this curriculum and modeled after the World History Advanced Placement exam will be administered in June.

For Advanced Placement World History, all students take the NYS Global History and Geography Regents examination in June. Students must pass this course and the Global History and Geography Regents exam in order to graduate. Students in this course are also expected to take the Advanced Placement World History exam in May. There is a fee for this exam which is determined by the College Board and is the responsibility of the student.

SCIENCE

The Living Environment

Full year – 1 Credit

The Living Environment follows the New York State Regents core curriculum and is designed to provide the student with a broad and general understanding of the fundamental principles of biology, culminating in the New York State Regents exam for The Living Environment. The topics included in the course are biochemistry, modern evolution, ecology, physiology of both plants and animals, and genetics. The Living Environment includes selected laboratory activities that supplement and enhance the classroom topics. Students who successfully complete this course are encouraged to go on to the Regents-level course in Earth Science.

Biology World

Full year – 1 Credit

Biology World is offered in lieu of Living Environment. It follows the New York State Regents core curriculum but at a less rigorous pace. General concepts are stressed and this class incorporates additional lab time.  Students take the New York State Regents Exam for Living Environment at the conclusion of the course.  Placement in this course is by teacher recommendation only.

The Living Environment Honors

Full year – 1 Credit

The Living Environment Honors course is for ninth grade students who have completed Earth Science in the eighth grade and/or have been recommended for this course by their eighth grade science teacher. The course parallels the New York State Regents core curriculum, with substantial quantities of additional information being provided for the enrichment of the students and a greater emphasis on laboratory activities. Students take the New York State Regents exam for The Living Environment at the conclusion of this course. Students who successfully complete The Living Environment Honors as well as Earth Science are encouraged to take Chemistry Honors.  Entry requirements for this honors course can be found at the top right hand side of the science course description page in the high school website.

Earth Science

Full year – 1 Credit

Earth Science is a lab-oriented course that follows the New York State core curriculum and is offered primarily to 10th grade students, culminating with the New York State Regents Exam for Earth Science at the conclusion of the course.  Major areas of study include the processes of change, mineralogy, meteorology, astronomy, and historical geology.  Laboratory experiences are stressed in this course and the student must satisfactorily complete all lab assignments. Upon successful completion of this course, students should enroll in Chemistry.

Earth Science Honors

Full year – 1 Credit

Earth Science Honors is a course for students that have attained Mastery on the Living Environment Regents Exam and have been recommended by their Living Environment teacher. The course parallels the New York State Earth Science core curriculum with substantial quantities of additional information being provided for the enrichment of the students enrolled. A greater emphasis is also placed on using math in laboratory activities. At the conclusion of this course, students take the New York State Regents Exam for Earth Science. Students who successfully complete this course are encouraged to take Chemistry Honors.

MATHEMATICS

Algebra I

Grade 9 – Full year – 1 credit

This is the first course of the New York State high school mathematics curriculum. The core of this course is a solid introduction to the principles and techniques of Algebra. Some topics covered include problem solving, solving and graphing linear equations and inequalities, solving and graphing quadratics, factoring, operations with polynomials, and statistics. Students will take the Algebra Regents exam at the conclusion of the course. Graphing calculator use will be introduced throughout the year.

Algebra 1 with Lab

Grade 9 – Full year – 1 Credit

This course is designed for the student who had struggled to pass math.  Through the use of a class, a lab period every other day and a second math teacher within the classroom, students will complete the first course of the New York State high school mathematics curriculum. The core of this course is a solid introduction to the principles and techniques of Algebra.  Some topics covered include problem solving, solving and graphing linear equations and inequalities, solving and graphing quadratics, factoring, operations with polynomials, and statistics. Students will take the Algebra Regents exam at the conclusion of the course. Graphing calculator use will be introduced throughout the year.

Students will be placed in this class based upon their performance in prior math classes, scores on state assessments as well as teacher, guidance and/or administration recommendation.

Algebra I-A Primary

Grade 9 – Full year – One credit

This course is the first year of a two year program which is designed for students who have an IEP and need to build a foundation for Algebra 1. Students will cover approximately half of the Algebra 1 curriculum this year and then the remaining topics in Algebra 1-B. Graphing calculator use will be introduced throughout the year.

Geometry

Grade 9/10 – Full year – 1 credit

This is the second course of the New York State mathematics curriculum. A solid foundation of geometric concepts will be developed through coordinate, Euclidian, analytical and transformational geometry. Other topics covered include proofs, parallel lines, congruent triangles and properties of polygons. This course completes the topics covered on the NYS Geometry Regents exam. Graphing calculator use will be introduced throughout the year.

Geometry Honors

Grade 9/10 – Full year -1 credit

This course is designed for the accelerated mathematics student. All the topics in the Geometry curriculum are covered in greater depth, as well as additional enrichment topics. Graphing calculator use will be introduced throughout the year. All students requesting an Honors level class will need to meet the criteria determined by the math department.

WORLD LANGUAGE

Spanish I

Full year – 1 credit

In Spanish 1, students cover “Checkpoint A” of the New York State syllabus for Spanish language. Thematic topics are introduced during the year, such as School and Education, Personal Identification, Weather and Seasons, Holidays, Sports and Leisure, House and Family, and Health. Emphasis is placed on the skills of listening, verbal communication and understanding. Each unit spirals upon the other so that students will improve their oral communication, reading ability, and writing skills. Besides thematic based conversations, students engage in student-centered, interactive activities to provide opportunities to practice their newly acquired second language. Cultural understanding is promoted through projects in which students compare the American and Hispanic cultures.

Spanish II

Full year – 1 credit

The prerequisites for this course are a passing grade in Spanish I and a passing score on the Checkpoint A exam. In Spanish II, students are preparing for “Checkpoint B” of the New York State syllabus in Spanish language. The vocabulary and grammar of the thematic topics introduced in Spanish II are expanded throughout the year. Topics are developed through engaging communicative activities, such as role playing (travel agent and traveler) during our chapters on air and train travel, discussing one’s daily routine, learning about how technology fits into a multicultural world, and creating a menu for an imaginary restaurant. Multimodality is key to student retention at this level. Cultural understanding is promoted through projects (such as during National Foreign Language Week) and videos in which students compare and contrast the American and Hispanic cultures.

French I

Full year – 1 credit

In French I students cover “Checkpoint A” of the New York State syllabus. Thematic topics covered include Personal Identity, School and Education, House and Family, and Food. Emphasis is placed on the skills of reading, writing, listening, and oral communication. Each unit spirals upon the other so that students will improve their oral communication, reading ability, and writing skills. Besides thematic based conversations, students engage in student-centered, interactive activities to provide opportunity to practice their newly acquired second language. Cultural understanding is developed as students compare and contrast American and French cultures on a regular basis.  Please note: French I is only offered at the high school level as needed.

French II

Full year – 1 credit

The prerequisite for this course is French I. In French II, students are preparing for “Checkpoint B” of the New York State syllabus. Thematic topics covered include Personal Identity, Family, Sports, Cultural Activities, Health, Technology, Travel (Plane/Train), Bank, Post Office, Food, and Travel (Car). This spiraling process improves the quality of oral communication, reading ability, and writing skills. Situational conversation practice in the target language continues to be stressed for each thematic unit. Cultural understanding is developed as students compare and contrast American and French cultures on a regular basis.

FINE ARTS

Studio in Art

Grades 9, 10, 11, 12 – Full year – 1 Credit

PREREQUISITE: None

Fulfills art/music graduation requirement.

This is a basic course for all other art courses in the program. It is the fine arts foundation course for the department. Studio Art concentrates on the creation of art in relation to the elements of art and the principles of design. Projects emphasize technique and skills, while incorporating creative thought processes. Studio Art explores drawing, painting, and sculpture and focuses on both art history as well as current and contemporary art movements.

Art History 1

Grades 9, 10, 11, 12 – Semester – ½ credit

PREREQUISITE: None

In Art History I we will study the evolution of art all the way up to Neoclassicism.  We will start with Prehistoric (cave art), and then move on to Egyptian, Greek & Roman, Medieval, Renaissance, Baroque, Romanticism, and finally, Neoclassicism.  A majority of class will involve artwork analysis and class discussion.  While we will be doing several hands-on projects throughout the year, there is also a large writing and research component to this class.

Art History 2

Grades 9, 10, 11, 12 – Semester – ½ credit

PREREQUISITE: None

In Art History II we will study the evolution of art all the way up to Andy Warhol and pop art.  We will start with Impressionism & Post-Impressionism, then move on to Expressionism, Realism, Abstract Expressionism, American Realism, Photography, Modern Mexican Art, Surrealism, and finally, Pop Art. A majority of class will involve artwork analysis and class discussion.  While we will be doing several hands-on projects throughout the year, there is also a large writing and research component to this class.

Drawing and Painting

Grades 9, 10, 11, 12 – Full year – 1 Credit
PREREQUISITE: Studio Art

This course is designed for those wishing to explore areas in greater depth than previously covered in Studio Art. Students in this course will begin by experimenting with pencil, charcoal, colored pencil, and ink and then moving into acrylics, watercolor, and oil paint.  Art history and contemporary art movements will be covered as it relates to various art projects.

Advanced Drawing and Painting

Grades 9, 10, 11, 12 – Full year – 1 Credit

PREREQUISITE: Studio Art + Drawing and Painting

This course expands upon the skills learned in Drawing and Painting I and is designed for the more serious art student looking to create a well rounded college portfolio.  The techniques learned in Drawing and Painting I will be further explored and strategies in mixed media will be introduced.  Conceptual ideas and critical thinking will be pushed and work with personal intent will be encouraged in order for the student to develop their own unique style.

Sculpture

Grades 9, 10, 11, 12 – Full year – 1 Credit

PREREQUISITE: Studio Art

Sculpture is a full year art course that introduces students to the world of three-dimensional art. During the course of the year students will be introduced to a variety of materials and techniques that are used by sculptors around the world. Students will explore wire, plaster, clay, wood, paper, and found materials.

VISUAL ARTS

Digital Photography 1

Grades 9, 10, 11, 12 – Semester – ½ credit

PREREQUISITE: Studio Art

Digital Photography 1 & 2 focuses on the basics of identifying creative elements in your everyday life.  Students will develop experience working in a lifestyle and a studio setting.  Technical methods and photographic aesthetics will be explored, as well as the use of the computer to manipulate and produce printed images. Students must be prepared to complete a large portion of this coursework at home.  Fields of study include: the camera, light, exposures, composition, special effects, equipment, history, and careers in photography.

Digital Photography 2

Grades 9, 10, 11, 12 – Semester – ½ credit

PREREQUISITE: Studio Art + Digital Photography 1

Digital Photography 2 moves past the technical aspects of camera work and dives deeper into post production manipulation and creativity.

Visual Communication (Graphic Design/Video) 1

Grades 9, 10, 11, 12 – Semester – ½ credit

Prerequisite: Studio Art

In this class there will be an emphasis on creative problem solving in a digital world.  Between 1st and 2nd semester, the topics covered will include illustration, advertisement, typography, product design, media production, and both the still and moving image.  Students will be working both individually and in groups to complete hands on projects.

Visual Communication (Graphic Design/Video) 2

Grades 9, 10, 11, 12 – Semester – ½ credit

PREREQUISITE: Studio Art  & Visual Communication 1

In this class there will be an emphasis on creative problem solving in a digital world.  Between 1st and 2nd semester, the topics covered will include illustration, advertisement, typography, product design, media production, and both the still and moving image.  Students will be working both individually and in groups to complete hands on projects.

MUSIC

Concert Band

No Audition Required – Full year – 1 or 1/2 credit (ACE, BDF)

The Goshen High School Concert Band is an ensemble that includes students of all playing levels in grades 9 through 12, so anyone who plays a band instrument is welcome in the Concert Band! Throughout the course of the school year, students in the Concert Band will improve their playing skills and musical knowledge as they learn new music and musical concepts. The Concert Band performs two concerts a year, marches for the Memorial Day Parade, and participates in our school’s graduation ceremony. Students in this band will also attend small group lessons throughout the school year.

Symphonic Band

Audition Required – Full year – 1 credit

The Goshen High School Symphonic Band is an auditioned ensemble made up of students in grades 9 through 12. The Symphonic Band gives students an opportunity to further their playing skills, perform more advanced repertoire, and continue their love of music while playing at a superior level. The Symphonic Band performs two concerts a year, marches for the Memorial Day Parade, and participates in our school’s graduation ceremony. Students in this band will also attend small group lessons throughout the school year.

Stage Band

Audition – Full year – No Credit

The Goshen High School Stage Band (also known as “The Jazz Band”) is an extra-curricular, auditioned ensemble comprised of saxophones, trumpets, trombones, and a rhythm section. The Stage Band rehearses once a week for ninety minutes in the evening and performs for concerts and other music events throughout the year.

Concert Choir

No Audition Required – Co-ed – Full year – 1 or 1/2 credit (ACE, BDF)

This course is a freshman, sophomore, junior, senior choral group. Students are encouraged to enroll on an every-day basis; however, students can participate every other day for ½ credit if that is what their schedule will allow. The chorus room can hold up to 100 students, so any student with space in their schedule is encouraged to give chorus a try even if they’ve never sung in school before. Any and all are welcome to join!

Women’s Choir (New Title – Treble Choir)

Audition Required – Female – Full year – 1/2 credit

This course meets every other day for the entire school year. Auditions are conducted in the spring for the following school year. Young ladies in 8th grade are informed of our audition date so they may participate. Students may NOT add this to their schedule during the school year without written permission from Mrs. Scully & Mrs. Lloyd.

Varsity Choir

Audition Required – Co-ed – Full year – 1 credit

Students in this select choir audition in the spring for the following school year. The course meets every day for the entire school year. Young ladies and gentlemen in 8th grade are informed of our audition date so they may participate. Students may NOT add this to their schedule during the school year without written permission from Mrs. Scully & Mrs. Lloyd.

Jazz Voices

Audition Required – Co-ed – Full year – 1/2 credit

Students in this select jazz choir audition in the spring for the following school year. The class meets every other day for the entire school year. Young ladies and gentlemen in 8th grade are informed of our audition date so they may participate. Students may not add this to their schedule during the school year.

Music Theory I/II

Full year – 1 credit

Although this course is open to students at any grade level, it is recommended that students who enroll have some musical background or interest. Theory is the technical explanation of musical sound and can be difficult for some students. This is a cumulative course and students who need 1 year of credit must sign up for Theory I and Theory II within the same school year.

Chamber Orchestra

Audition Required – Full Year – 1 Credit

The Chamber Orchestra is an auditioned string ensemble that performs advanced orchestra repertoire of all genres.  Instruments in the Chamber Orchestra include violin, viola, cello and upright bass.  Students are selected to participate in Chamber Orchestra through an audition at the end of the previous school year.  The Chamber Orchestra performs in the GHS winter and spring concerts.  There are also numerous opportunities for the orchestra members to perform outside of school throughout the year.  Students may also choose to participate in full orchestra which meets after school. In addition to daily class rehearsals, students are expected to attend small group lessons and practice on their own.

Symphony Orchestra

No Audition Required – Full Year – 1 or ½ credit (ACE, BDF)

Symphony Orchestra is a string ensemble open to students of all ability levels.  The Symphony Orchestra performs intermediate orchestra music of all genres. Instruments in the Symphony Orchestra include violin, viola, cello and upright bass. The Symphony Orchestra performs in the GHS winter and spring concerts.   Students may also choose to participate in full orchestra which meets after school. In addition to daily class rehearsals, students are expected to attend small group lessons and practice on their own.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION

Physical Education

Grade 9, 10, 11, 12 – Full Year – 1/2 Credit

All freshmen will participate in Freshman PE, a 1/2 credit course that meets every other day for a full year.  This course provides an introduction to personal fitness, stress management, strength and conditioning training, team sports, net sports, and lifetime/recreational activities.  Freshman PE will serve as a prerequisite to the wide range of PE options available to upperclassmen.  Students are expected to actively participate and wear appropriate athletic attire to each class.

FAMILY & CONSUMER SCIENCE

Fashion I

Grades 9, 10, 11, 12 – one semester – ½ credit

Welcome to the exciting world of fashion and design! Great things are going to take place in our fashion lab at Goshen High School, as you create clothing and accessories that will be part of the annual Festival of the Arts Show! By using clothing and textiles as a medium for artistic expression, you will experiment with fabrics and patterns to design unique clothing to increase your wardrobe, and become a better consumer by learning how to evaluate the quality of ready-made garments. You will learn how to use a sewing machine, basic clothing construction skills, and will discover what styles and colors look best on you. We will explore possible career paths in the fashion and design industry through a variety of special projects and guest speakers. (Satisfactory completion of Fashion I + Interior Design may be used to fulfill the one credit of Art/Music required for graduation.)

Foods I

Grades 9, 10, 11, 12 – one semester – ½ credit

This introductory course in preparing a variety of foods will provide you with engaging, performance-based lessons that investigate the science behind baking and cooking. We will analyze the various functions of ingredients and how they affect your baked goods.  We will learn about the steps that must be followed to produce a variety of tasty recipes. This exciting course focuses on a wide range of food experiences such as the art of baking quick breads, yeast breads, cookies, pies and pizzas. You will also explore foods through research projects and group work. We will analyze proper nutrition and how to successfully live a healthy lifestyle both now and in the future. These basic baking and cooking skills will equip you with the knowledge and tools to carry out flavorful recipes both in and out of school.

Interior Design

Grades 9, 10, 11, 12 – one semester – ½ credit

This is an exciting, project oriented course for students who are interested in exploring the creative world of interior design. Through hands-on activities, students will explore the elements and principles of design, color schemes, textiles, housing styles, floor plans, furniture arrangement, and creating accessories to enhance room design. Career paths in the interior design industry will be explored through a variety of classroom projects and guest speakers. (Satisfactory completion of Interior Design + Fashion I may be used to fulfill the one credit of Art/Music required for graduation.)

TECHNOLOGY

Design and Drawing for Production

Grades 9, 10, 11, 12 – Full year – 1 credit

Fulfills art/music graduation requirement.

This course introduces students to the engineering design process. Students work with CAD (Computer Assisted Drawing) software to design and produce accurate 3d models and solve simple engineering problems. Physical models are created by students in the second half of the course; traditional drawing and sketching skills are also emphasized.

Discovering Computer Science

Grades 9, 10, 11, 12 – Full year – 1 credit

This introductory course is ideal for students who have an interest in computer programming and computer science but have not had strong experience in the field. In this class students will learn the basics of how to code and program computers. They will also be introduced to various computer science careers. Students will code in text-based Python, which will prepare them for the Computer Science with Multimedia class.

Materials Processing: Wood/ Materials Processing: Advanced Wood

Grades 9, 10, 11, 12 – Semester each – ½ credit each

This course is a twenty-week introduction to the fundamentals of woodworking and woodworking design. Students will learn how to use both hand tools and power tools to accurately shape and join wood. The Advanced Wood course is offered the following semester in which students continue to learn more of the fundamentals of woodworking and woodworking design.

BUSINESS

Business Computer Applications

Grades 9, 10, 11, 12 – one semester – ½ credit

Students will explore computer skills and applications needed on a personal, school/college, and career level.  The focus of this course is to provide knowledge and skills associated with Google applications including:  Docs, Slides, and Sheets.  Students will create various documents:  reports, business letters, tables, databases, spreadsheets, and brochures.  In addition, students will expand their knowledge of computer terminology, parts of a computer, and search strategies on the Internet.  Students will also learn properly type, without looking, 45+ words per minute.  A  very necessary skill in today’s world of work!

SPECIAL EDUCATION

Special Education course selection will be determined at the student’s annual review.