Social Studies

Global History 9

Grade 9 – 1 credit

This course is the first year of a two-year course that culminates with a Regent’s examination in Global History for all students at the conclusion of their second year. It is a New York State requirement that all students pass this examination in order to receive a high school diploma. Global History 9 uses a chronological approach to world history, with a variety of historical themes woven into the presentation of materials. Units of study include the Ancient World (4000 B.C.E. to 500 C.E.); expanding zones of exchange and encounter (500 C.E. to 1200 C.E.); global interactions (1200 C.E. to 1650 C.E.), the first global age (1850 to 1770); and the age of revolutions (1750 to 1914).

World History 9H & Advanced Placement World History

Grade 9 and 10 – 1 credit each

NOTE: This two year course replaces Global History and Geography I and II. This is a college-level course. It is academically demanding and requires a significant commitment on the part of the student.

Advanced Placement World History is a two-year Advanced Placement program (grades 9 and 10). The Advanced Placement Program offers a course and exam in World History to qualified students who wish to complete studies in secondary school equivalent to an introductory college course in world history. The purpose of this course is to develop greater understanding of the evolution of global processes and contacts in interaction with different human societies. This understanding is advanced through a combination of selective factual knowledge and appropriate analytical skills. Areas of study include: Core topics begin with the Foundation period of prehistory to 1000 CE, which will serve as the basis during the rest of the program for a more in-depth study of global history and civilization of the past 1,000 years. This course also covers the material outlined in the course description for Global History and Geography I and II.

For World History 9H, a Department final exam based on the content, concepts and themes in this curriculum and modeled after the World History Advanced Placement exam will be administered in June.

For Advanced Placement World History, all students take the NYS Global History and Geography Regents examination in June. Students must pass this course and the Global History and Geography Regents exam in order to graduate. Students in this course are also expected to take the Advanced Placement World History exam in May. There is a fee for this exam which is determined by the College Board and is the responsibility of the student.

Global History 10

Grade 10 – 1 credit

This is the second year of the two-year course in Global History. A review of world geography and other important concepts from Global History 9 will begin the year. Units of study in 10th grade will include the age of absolutism and revolutions; the industrial revolution and the growth of nationalism and imperialism; the world at war (World War I, the Russian Revolution, and World War II); the world since 1945; global connections and interactions today. Students will finish the year with a comprehensive review to help them successfully complete the Global History Regents examination.

United States History and Government

Grade 11 – 1 credit

This course culminates with a Regent’s examination in United States history, a New York State requirement for all students pass who will receive a high school diploma. The focus of this course is American development since 1865. In the post-Civil War to post-World War II period, there is an exploration of the shift from an agrarian-based society to an industrial society. American growth from isolationism to a commitment to global involvement is surveyed. Finally, America’s relation to a world in uncertain times is investigated. Throughout the course, basic Constitutional issues and the application of Constitutional principles to historical and contemporary life is emphasized.

United States History: Advanced Placement

Grade 11 – 1 credit

The Advanced Placement course in United States History is designed to provide students with the analytic skills and factual knowledge necessary to deal critically with the problems and materials in American history. This course prepares students for college-level academic work by making demands equivalent to a full year introductory college course. A.P. History is offered to students during their junior year as it also prepares them to meet social studies requirements for Goshen High School and the New York State Regents.


Grade 12 – one semester – ½ credit

The objective of this course is to impart a general understanding of the various components of the economy (micro-economics) and how these components work together in the total economic picture (macro-economics). Students will learn to use economic concepts in a reasoned, careful manner to prepare them to deal with personal, community, national, and international economic issues that they will confront as young citizens.

Participation in Government

Grade 12 – one semester – ½ credit

The function of government is to provide a structure and system of control among people. In a democracy, the direction and purpose of government take on new meaning because people ARE the government. If the system is to function properly in an orderly and honest way, citizens must actively participate. This course will help students become aware of their responsibilities to the government and provide them with tools to become involved in the process.

American Law Honors

Grade 12 – one semester – ½ credit

This is a one-semester course that meets the New York State requirement for government and may be taken in place of the Participation in Government course. Students will examine the various aspects of United States law and its practice. Topics will include constitutional law, civil rights and liberties, political ideology, and current issues in American government. Activities will include several debates, case studies, individual and group research, and participation in political simulations. As a culminating activity, each student will be expected to present a written legal brief and oral arguments before a panel of attorneys, administrators, and teachers.

European History – Advanced Placement

Grades 11 & 12 – 1 credit

The study of European history since 1450 introduces students to cultural, economic, political and social developments that played a fundamental role in shaping the world in which they live. In addition to providing a basic narrative of events and movements, the goals of the AP program in European History are to develop (a) an understanding of some of the principal themes in modern European History, (b) an ability to analyze historical evidence and historical interpretation, and (c) an ability to express historical understanding in writing. Areas of study include: Movement of European history from the Renaissance to the present, Political, social and economic conflicts of this era, Intellectual background, Artistic, literary, economic and philosophical movements, Analyzing historical documents, Developing an awareness of the many influences forming history. Students in this course are also expected to take the Advanced Placement European History exam in May. There is fee for this exam which is determined by the College Board and is the responsibility of the student.

Criminal Justice

Grades 10, 11 & 12 – one semester – ½ credit

This course will introduce students to the fundamental foundations and structures of the criminal justice system in the United States. The rules of criminal procedure at the federal and state level will be analyzed in relationship to the three levels of the American criminal justice system: the police, the courts, and corrections. Using crime statistics and court system analysis, the components of the criminal justice system will be studied. Students will gain an overall understanding of the structure and practice of our somewhat imperfect system.

History Through Film and Literature

Grades 10, 11 & 12 – one semester – ½ credit

Movies have a powerful affect on the way people view the past. While they often teach important truths about the human condition, they do not provide a substitute for the history that has been assembled from the best available evidence and analysis. The objective of this course is to explore the relationship between film, literature, and the historical record. Students will choose specific course themes and select films and literature to examine from an historical context. Class discussions will focus on the connections between these works and the historical record. Students will compare and contrast actual historical events to the ones depicted in the film or piece of literature.


Grade 12 (Grade 11 with department approval) – one semester – ½ credit

This one-semester course will provide students with a basic overview of psychology, help them develop greater insight into human behavior, and gain a better understanding of themselves and others. Core topics include social, intellectual, and moral development; the life span; personality theory; conditioning, sensation and perception; and abnormal behavior. Since participation is an important component of this class, be prepared to take an active role in discussions, activities, and simulations.


Grades 11 & 12 – one semester – ½ credit

The focus of this course will be the study of human behavior to provide understandings and basic insights into human interaction. The approach to this course is seminar in style, and the materials used will explore both research and theory concerning the relationships of individuals and groups in a society. Topics will include norms, values, role behavior, status, friendship, prejudice, deviance, and social change.